180 bird species in India are now threatened, as against 173 last year, as per the The Red List of birds released by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) for 2015. Only one species in the list has moved out of the Red List.
- Of the new additions, five have been uplisted from the Least Concerned to the Near Threatened category, a sign of increased threat. These include Northern Lapwing (a grassland bird) and four wetland birds, namely Red Knot, Curlew Sandpiper, Eurasian Oystercatcher and Bar-Tailed Godwit.
- Two other wetland birds, Horned Grebe and Common Pochard have been uplisted from Least Concerned to Vulnerable.
- Steppe Eagle (a raptor from grasslands), a migratory bird, has been uplisted from Least Concerned to Endangered.
- Destruction of grasslands, wetlands, forests and other habitats is considered the most common reason for this development. Also, use of veterinary drug diclofenac used to treat livestock is known to have caused renal failure in birds.
- The IUCN Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world.
- The aim is to convey the urgency of conservation issues to the public and policy makers, as well as help the international community to try to reduce species extinction.
- Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups, set through criteria such as rate of decline, population size, area of geographic distribution, and degree of population and distribution fragmentation.
News Item Compiled by Apoorv Kumar Chaudhary