- Union Environment Minister for India Prakash Javadekar signed the historic Paris climate agreement on 22 April 2016 along with other 174 nations at a high-level ceremony hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in New York.
- This agreement marks a significant step in bringing developing and developed nations together to combat global warming by working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
- At 175 nations, the signing ceremony for the climate agreement set the record for the most countries to sign an international agreement on one day while previous one set in 1982, when 119 countries signed the Law of the Sea Convention.
- The signing is the first step toward ensuring that the agreement comes into force as soon as possible.
- China, the world’s top carbon emitter, announced it would “finalise domestic procedures” to ratify the agreement before the G20 summit in China in September.
- The United States, the world’s second-largest emitter, reiterated its intention to ratify this year, as did Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and the leaders of Mexico and Australia.
- The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gases emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance starting in the year 2020.
- An agreement on the language of the treaty was negotiated by representatives of 195 countries at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC in Paris and adopted by consensus on 12 December 2015.
- After signing the agreement, countries must take further national step of accepting or ratifying the agreement. As of now, 15 nations ratified the agreement.
- The agreement will come into force 30 days after at least 55 Parties to the UNFCCC ratify the agreement which accounts for at least 55 per cent of global emissions.
- India has announced plans to quadruple its renewable power capacity to 175 gigawatts by 2022 as part of the government’s plan to supply electricity to every household.
– News Item compiled by Dharma Teja