- International Maritime Organization (IMO) an international specialized agency responsible for regulation of shipping industry has adopted a convention titled “International Convention for the Control Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments” in 2004.
- On 8th September 2016, the Scandinavian country Finland has ratified the Convention. The ratification of Convention brought the ratifications done by registered Members to 35.14% of the world’s gross tonnage, surpassing the minimum requirement of 35%.
- The Convention will finally enter into force on 8th September 2017.
About the Convention
- Under the Convention, all the ships which are in international traffic have to manage their ballast water and sediments to a particular standard, as per the ship-specific ballast water management plan.
- They will also have to carry with them a ballast water record book along with an international ballast water management certificate.
- Parties to the Convention have been given the right to take, more stringent measures in order to prevent, reduce and eliminate the transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens through the control and management of ships’ ballast water and sediments, consistent with international law.
- Article 2 of the Convention speaks about the General Obligations of the Parties to give full and complete effect to the provisions of the Convention and the Annex for the prevention, minimization and elimination transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens through the control and management of ships’ ballast water and sediments.
- Article 7 speaks about the requirement of the Ships to be surveyed and certified and Article 9 lays down the Inspection of Ships by port State control officers in order to verify whether the ship has a valid certificate.
News item compiled by Chirag Jindal & Sachin P