- In March 2017 in Delhi, Stage II of HCFC Phase Out Management Plan (HPMP) was launched in India by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in lieu with its Montreal Protocol Agreement.
- Aim: To terminate the use of a harmful ozone-depleting substance (ODS)
- Hydro-chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC), which is at present used by many industries including air-conditioning, foam manufacturing, etc., and substitute it by a non-ODS technology. The plan is for the period 2017-23, however, the ultimate goal is to cease the use of these HCFCs by 2030 under an accelerated plan.
- USD 44.1 million provided by the multilateral fund, which was set up under the protocol, for India’s HPMP plan will be used for aiding industries in the process of switching to alternatives and training manpower.
Measures to be taken under this plan:
- Approximately 400 enterprises of industries, including foam manufacturing and air-conditioning, will be provided with support for conversion from HCFCs to non-HCFC technologies.
- Under HPMP-II, around 16000 service technicians will be trained resulting in the reduction of emission of about 8.5 million metric tonnes annually from 2023 onwards.
- In order to increase and multiply the impact of skill and training, appropriate emphasis to synergize the Refrigeration and Servicing (RAC) servicing sector will be provided with the Skill India Mission.
- Energy efficient methods, development of cold chains with non-HCFC alternatives and new standards development for non-ODS will be promoted under this plan.
- Montreal Protocol was ratified by 197 countries in the year 1989 becoming the first universally ratified protocol in the UN history.
- Under this protocol, the accelerated phase out of HCFCs with the aim to completely phase out these ozone layer depleting chemicals by 2030 is underway. This agreement has proven to be a great success as it as phased out around more than 95% of the ODS in a span of less than 30 years.
- India in the past has been able to successfully eradicate the earlier generation of refrigerants, that is, Halon and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in its phase I and now has launched this phase II to phase out HCFCs as well.
– News post compiled By Shivalika Srivastava